What is Special Domestic Violence Criminal Jurisdiction (SDVCJ)?
The Violence Against Women Reauthorization Act of 2013 (VAWA 2013), included a provision that affirmed the inherent sovereign authority of Indian tribal governments to exercise criminal jurisdiction over certain non-Indians who violate qualifying protection orders or commit domestic or dating violence against Indian victims on tribal lands. This provision in VAWA 2013 created a framework for tribal courts to prosecute non-Indians again—something that had not happened in 35 years, since the U.S. Supreme Court decision in Oliphant v. Suquamish Tribe, which removed tribal authority to prosecute non-Indians. This provision is known as Special Domestic Violence Criminal Jurisdiction (SDVCJ).
Download the 2 Page Overview of VAWA SDVCJ & Resource Guide
(Updated June 2019)