Five Year Report Overview

In March of 2018, NCAI released a 5 Year Report on Special Domestic Violence Criminal Jurisdiction.

This report summarizes how VAWA 2013’s landmark provision has been implemented and analyzes its impacts in the 5 years since it was enacted.  This examination of the tribes’ early exercise of SDVCJ suggests that VAWA 2013 has been a success. As Congress intended, the law has equipped tribes with the much-needed authority to combat the high rates of domestic violence against Native women, while at the same time protecting non-Indians’ rights in impartial, tribal forums. 

The report begins in Section I with a brief overview of the need for the tribal provisions in VAWA 2013 and the context for their passage. It then provides in Section II, an overview of nationwide SDVCJ prosecution statistics and analyzes tribal experiences exercising SDVCJ over the past four years. It identifies four key findings, which are as follows:

Following the findings in Section II, Section III provides an overview of the requirements of those provisions and how they are structured. After supplying this context on the law, Section IV includes brief profiles of the 18 implementing tribes, including individual prosecution statistics.  Finally, Section V examines the diversity in how tribes have chosen to meet the statutory requirements of VAWA 2013 and illustrates how the statute has allowed tribes to implement SDVCJ differently depending on the needs and values of their communities. The appendices to this report include resources on implementation of SDVCJ and other materials that may be of interest.

Read the full report here, or click through the pages of this section on “The First Five Years” for a summary of report.