PRC Publications

One of the key functions of the NCAI Policy Research Center (PRC) is to disseminate data and research on topics of significance to tribal leaders. Over the years, we have developed a range of publications and resources to share information, feature successful tribal initiatives, and identify key strategies for advancing tribal policy and research agendas.


COVID-19 Situation Summary

View our weekly summaries of publicly available data and trends on COVID-19 in Indian Country. These documents are updated each week on Thursday:

NCAI COVID-19 Data - Situation Summary (April 15, 2021)

NCAI COVID-19 Situation Summary - IHS Area Data (April 15, 2021)

NCAI COVID-19 Situation Summary - IHS Percent Positive Tests (April 17, 2021)

NCAI COVID-19 Situation Summary - IHS Vaccine Data (April 15, 2021)

View other resources related to COVID-19 data:

AI/AN COVID-19 State Data Disaggregation Review (August 28, 2020)

Visit NCAI's COVID-19 Resources for Indian Country website at and click on the Resources tab to find trusted information and and other resources.


2020 Census Response Rates

We published weekly reports on 2020 Census self-response rates for tribal lands (geographies) as reported by the U.S. Census Bureau. The final reports are listed below.

2020 Census Response Rates
as of 10/28/2020
All Tribal Lands Summary
Alaska NCAI Region
Eastern Oklahoma NCAI Region
Great Plains NCAI Region
Midwest NCAI Region
Navajo NCAI Region
Northeast NCAI Region
Northwest NCAI Region
Pacific NCAI Region
Rocky Mountain NCAI Region
Southeast NCAI Region
Southern Plains NCAI Region
Southwest NCAI Region
Western NCAI Region


2020 Native Vote Reports

View our final Native Vote Election Report posted on 12/15/2020.

We posted Native Vote Reports for each NCAI Region that provide an overview of the percent of AI/AN voting age population, close national and state elections where the Native vote could impact the race depending on turnout, and information on Native candidates. The final pre-election reports are listed below.

2020 Native Vote Reports
as of 10/30/2020
Alaska NCAI Region
Great Plains NCAI Region
Midwest NCAI Region
Northeast NCAI Region
Northwest NCAI Region
Pacific NCAI Region
Rocky Mountain NCAI Region
Southeast NCAI Region
Southern Plains and Eastern Oklahoma NCAI Region
Southwest NCAI Region
Western NCAI Region


PRC Research Updates

Our PRC Research Updates feature our current projects, latest research findings, data tools and resources, upcoming scholar forums, and funding opportunities for tribal research. They are produced for each of NCAI's conferences (Executive Council Winter Session, Mid Year Conference, and Annual Convention) and are designed to supplement the NCAI Policy Update.  The next Research Updates will be published in 2021.

Research Update - Spring 2021
Research Update - Spring 2020
Research Update - Fall 2019
Research Update - Summer 2019
Research Update - Spring 2019
Research Update - Fall 2018
Research Update - Summer 2018
Research Update - Spring 2018
Research Update - Fall 2017
Research Update - Summer 2017
Research Update - Spring 2017
Research Update - Fall 2016
Research Update - Summer 2016
Research Update - Spring 2016


Research Policy Updates on the Common Rule

These updates provide a brief overview of some of the recent changes to the Common Rule, or the HHS Federal Policy for the Protection of Human Subjects. 

Research and Policy Briefs

These publications serve to clarify a policy issue or identify a policy strategy through an analysis of current data and research. 

Research Reports

These reports feature data points and syntheses of insights from tribal case studies to guide the work of other tribes. The objective of these publications is to highlight tribal policies and interventions and to foster nation-to-nation collaboration and information sharing to replicate success. 


These resources serve a more general purpose, providing research and background on critical policy topics for tribal leaders and/or tips and data for researchers, tribal programs, and practitioners.

  • Tips for Researchers: Strengthening Research that Benefits Native Youth (Fall 2016). The meaningful inclusion of youth in research often requires particular protocols and methodologies given the unique status of youth as “vulnerable populations.” This resource provides guidance for improving research with Native youth, highlighting successful case studies of community-based participatory research.

  • Resilience & Trauma Backgrounder (Fall 2015). This backgrounder provides an overview of key statistics and concepts relevant to understanding trauma in Indian Country, a summary of available evidence on the health impacts of trauma, and examples of how tribal communities are engaging in efforts to heal and build resilience. 

  • Analysis of Towns in Reservation Lands (Spring 2015). This analysis includes the overall population, both Indian and non-Indian, living in towns/cities inside reservations. According to Census data, there are hundreds of towns and cities within the boundaries of reservations that are predominantly populated by non-Indians.

  • Marijuana Policy in the U.S.: Information for Tribal Leaders (Spring 2015). In response to the U.S. Department of Justice's Cole Memorandum concerning tribal control over marijuana policies on their lands, the PRC produced a one-pager with data points and research to support tribal leader decision-making.

  • Native Languages Backgrounder (Fall 2013). Responding to a request by NCAI’s Native Languages Task Force, the PRC developed a synthesis of research information on models for Native language instruction.

  • Jobs Backgrounder (Summer 2013). This resource highlights employment data trends and the workforce development efforts in place at the United Tribes Technical College, Sealaska Corporation and Sealaska Heritage Institute, and the Economic Policy Institute. 

  • Walk Softly and Listen Carefully: Building Research Relationships with Tribal Communities Report (Summer 2012). In partnership with Montana State University’s Center for Native Health Partnerships, the PRC developed a resource guide to provide insights for researchers committed to developing research that benefits Native peoples. 

Data Profiles

These profiles provide a snapshot of key demographic data in some of the top legislative areas where national figures and trends guide NCAI’s policy work. The NCAI Policy Research Center aims to feature strengths-based measures wherever possible. 

  • A Spotlight on Native Two Spirit (LGBT) Communities (Fall 2015). The NCAI Policy Research Center wanted to highlight the status of Native LBGT and Two Spirit communities by sharing data and reports that show where we are gaining ground and where further support is needed.

  • Our Native Youth Being Pushed Into Prison? A School to Prison Pipeline Infographic (Spring 2015). This infographic highlights trends in school suspensions and expulsions, as well juvenile arrests and detentions, among Native youth. 

  • A Spotlight on Native Women & Girls (Spring 2015). Coinciding with the release of the Status of Women in the States Report, the Policy Research Center synthesized research relating to Native women and girls across the country. Data relating to their education, economic opportunity, health, political representation, and other key policy areas are shared.

  • A Spotlight on Native Boys & Young Men (Fall 2014). This infographic reviews health, education, and employment outcomes for Native boys and young men. It also addresses voting patterns and rates of military service. 

  • Demographic Profile of Indian Country (Fall 2012). This profile provides a snapshot of 2010 Census data on tribal populations, economies, housing, energy, public safety, health, and education. 

Tribal Data Drum

The Tribal Data Drum Newsletter featured updated for the NCAI Policy Research Center.

Summer 2016 Tribal Data Drum
Spring 2016 Tribal Data Drum
Winter 2015 Tribal Data Drum