Workforce Development – MCN

Targeted Solutions: Muscogee Creek Nation

The Muscogee (Creek) Nation Reintegration Program receives "High Honors" during the Harvard Honoring Nations Awards program in 2007. (Photo:

Concerned the State of Oklahoma wasn’t doing enough to prepare its people who were leaving prison for life outside of it, in 2004 MCN established its Reintegration Program (RIP). Believing all of its participants are capable of becoming positive, productive citizens, RIP provides them a holistic array of culturally- based support services before, during, and after their re-entry into society. RIP case managers work closely with participants to eliminate their barriers to employment through GED acquisition, training, resume preparation, and connecting them with offender-friendly employers. When they are between jobs, RIP expects participants to volunteer for community service (mowing MCN elders’ lawns and moving families’ furniture are typical projects). RIP also maintains several partnerships designed to help participants address their “life-sustaining needs” such as housing, clothing, and groceries so they have a stable foundation upon which to get and keep a job. Whereas Oklahoma’s recidivism rate for Native offenders is 30 percent, RIP’s recidivism rate is just 10 percent. According to RIP, “We strengthen our sovereignty by addressing the needs of a population that oftentimes are denied basic services because of a felony conviction.”

Connect: Tony Fish, Manager, Muscogee (Creek) Nation Reintegration Program,

Workforce Development: MUSCOGEE (CREEK) NATION 

To learn more about Muscogee (Creek) Nation's workforce development story, click on the resources below. 

Honoring Nations: Muscogee Creek Nation Reintegration Program 
Honoring Nations: Tony Fish: The Muscogee Creek Reintegation Program (video)
Honoring Nations: Hepsi Barnett, Tony Fish and Joyce Wells: Reclaiming Native Nations (video)
Indian Country Today: DOJ Grants Muscogee Creek Nation $3.78 Million for Ex-Prisoner Reintergration Prorgam 
Tony Fish and Louis Hicks: Muscogee Creek Nation Reintegration Program (video)
Harvard Project on American Indian Economic Development: Never Give up, Muscogee Creek Nation (video)
The Tulsa Voice: Holistic Rehabilitation Tribal programs help Native American ex-inmates reintegrate after prison
Tribal Access to Justice Innovation: Reintegration Program: Muscogee (Creek) Nation 
Meeting the Needs of Returning Tribal Members: The Muscogee Creek Nation Reintegration Program 
Muscogee Creek Nation: Prisoner Reentry; A Tribal Model Webinar (PowerPoint presentation)
What Does Reintergration Mean to You? The Muscogee (Creek) Nation Reintergration Program (video)