What is Special Domestic Violence Criminal Jurisdiction (SDVCJ)?

The Violence Against Women Reauthorization Act of 2013 (VAWA 2013)[1], included a provision that affirmed the inherent sovereign authority of Indian tribal governments to exercise criminal jurisdiction over certain non-Indians who violate qualifying protection orders or commit domestic or dating violence against Indian victims on tribal lands.[2] This provision in VAWA 2013 created a framework for tribal courts to prosecute non-Indians again—something that had not happened in 35 years, since the U.S. Supreme Court decision in Oliphant v. Suquamish Tribe, which removed tribal authority to prosecute non-Indians.[3] This provision is known as Special Domestic Violence Criminal Jurisdiction (SDVCJ).

Download the 2 Page Overview of VAWA SDVCJ & Resource Guide 
(Updated June 2019)