Other Key Resources
"Imagining the Indian: The Fight Against Native American Mascotting"
American Indian Sports Team Mascots
Native Appropriation in Sport: Cultivating Bias Toward American Indians**NEW**
Twenty Years of Research into the Health Impacts of Native-themed Mascots: A Scoping Review
Dog whistle mascots: Native American mascots as normative expressions of prejudice
Study finds only harmful effects from Native themed mascots
Why Educators Should Not Ignore Indian Mascots
Partner Resolutions and Statements
National Education Association Resolution: Supporting Removal of Native Themed Mascots
National Indian Education Association Resolution: Elimination of Race-Based Indian Logos, Mascots, and Names
American Psychological Association Resolution: Retiring American Indian Mascots
Leading National Civil Rights and Racial Justice Organizations Announce Joint Opposition to Washington NFL Team Locating New Stadium in District of Columbia
As/Is: Native Americans Review "Indian" Sports Mascots
Bioneers: How Indian Mascots Dehumanize
TPT Originals: Not Your Mascot - Native Americans and Team Mascots
Key NCAI Resources
National School Mascot Tracking Database: The Current Numbers
NCAI's National School Mascot Tracking Database: An Overview (Video)
Ending the Legacy of Racism in Sports & the Era of Harmful "Indian" Sports Mascots
NCAI: Learn About Tribal Nations, Citizenship, History, and Contemporary Issues
Becoming Visible: A Landscape Analysis of State Efforts to Provide Native American Education for All
NCAI's Longstanding Opposition to Harmful "Indian" Sports Mascots
As the nation's oldest, largest, and most representative American Indian and Alaska Native advocacy organization, NCAI has long held a clear position against derogatory and harmful stereotypes of Native people - including sports mascots - in media and popular culture. Since NCAI launched its campaign to address stereotypes of Native people in popular culture, media, and sports in 1968, significant progress has been made in pursuit of ending the era of “Indian” mascots.
NCAI's position is clear, longstanding, and deeply rooted in our 78 years as a leading voice for Indian Country – we advocate for and protect the civil rights, social justice, and racial equity of all Native people in all parts of American society.
NCAI's Work to End "Indian" Mascots
NCAI is the oldest, largest, and most representative national organization that shares the unified voice of hundreds of Tribal Nations representing millions of Native people, and that voice has been consistent and clear for decades: sports mascots are symbols of disrespect that degrade, mock, and harm Native people, particularly Native youth. NCAI’s work to end “Indian” or Native “themed” mascots, used interchangeably here, is guided by our numerous resolutions pertaining to cultural appropriation and the harmful effects of these mascots. For decades, NCAI largely focused its efforts on ending “Indian” mascots at the professional level, directing specific attention to the former mascot of the NFL’s Washington "Commanders". In 2020, NCAI formally expanded the initiative to include work at the K-12 level, which included the development of the National School Mascot Tracking Database. In 2021, NCAI further expanded the initiative to include work at the state level, developing a State Activity Tracker and engaging directly with state legislatures pursuing mascot bans through legislation.
NCAI’s Ending “Indian” Mascots initiative currently focuses on three primary levels: the K-12 school level, the state level, and the professional sports level.
To request NCAI’s help at the K-12 or state levels, please email email@example.com.
Archive of NCAI News and Updates
Ending "Indian" Mascots Update: More School Districts Retire their Native "Themed" Mascots, NCAI Shares Statement on Atlanta "Braves" Mascot and Fan Rituals (11.04.21)
NCAI Reiterates Longstanding Opposition to Atlanta Braves' Mascot and "Tomahawk Chop" Fan Ritual as Team Plays in World Series (10.27.21)
Ending "Indian" Mascots Update: NCAI Launches State Activity Tracker (08.03.21)
NCAI Commends Announcement by Major League Baseball's Cleveland Franchise of Its New Name "Guardians" (07.23.21)
Ending "Indian" Mascots Update: NCAI President Commemorates Anniversary of Retirement of Washington Football Team's Mascot; More Schools Retire Their Native "Themed" Mascots (07.19.21)
Ending "Indian" Mascots Update: NCAI Presents Overview of National School Mascot Tracking Database; More Native "Themed" Mascots are Retired, Replaced (07.12.21)
Ending "Indian" Mascots Update: Colorado and Nevada Pass Bills Banning Native "Themed" Mascots, Logos, and Team Names (06.08.21)
Ending "Indian" Mascots Update: The State of Washington Bans Native "Themed" Mascots, Logos, and Team Names (04.28.21)
NCAI Statement on the Washington Football Team's Retirement of Racist Mascot (07.13.20)